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Instructional Strategies

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On this page we will provide links to resources that focus on particular instructional strategies.  Most of the  strategies are proven by research or practice, and are popular with teachers and students. 
The strategies become most powerful when guided by a cohesive Theory of Action, Mindset, or Mental Model.... and are woven into focused, collaboratively developed instructional units. 
Strategies:  Presently Marzano Strategies (from What Works in Classrooms?) and Visible Thinking and Artful Thinking Strategies (from Project Zero) are featured.
Mindsets & Mental Models:  Presently the 'Growth' mindset from Carol Dweck (, and the The child-driven education of  Sugata Mitra (  are seen as key 'mindsets'........Also, The 'Mental Models' from Peter Senge and Systems Thinking - 'The 5th Discipline'

Project Zero and Other Sources of Proven Arts Integration Strategies

Artful Thinking Routines

Marzano - 9 Strategies (Through The Useful Lens of ESOL)

Visible Thinking Routines

ArtsNOW - Teaching & Learning Across the Curriculum

Reader's Theater

Visible Thinking - Howard Gardner - Project Zero

Video Examples

Artful Thinking - Howard Gardner - Project Zero


SCAMPER Reverse: I will see it when I believe it!


S.T.A.R. Strategies (Something They will Always Remember)

ArtsEdge - Kennedy Center

Lincoln Center Institute

Lincoln Center Institute - Overview

Lincoln Center - Aesthetic Education, Inquiry and the Imagination

Key Arts-Based Strategies from the School Transformation: Character Through The Arts Project Note: Sadly the sponsoring agency only lists the strategies we developed, it no longer links to the full descriptions of how to implement them. We will work on fixing this problem.

Educational Topics:

Center for Education Reform...more.

JumpStart World

National Geographic

Teaching With Movies

Marzano Strategies

Quick View of Marzano's Nine Strategies - From 'What Works in the Classroom'

Detailed View of All Marzano Strategies (In the context of ESOL)


Effect Size

#1 - Similarities & Differences

I Am a Bee - Arts-Based Compare & Contrast

45% Gain

#2 - Summarizing - does not mean showing off your memory and telling the whole story—some students can do that almost verbatim. Instead, use the keep-delete-substitute strategy.

34% Gain

Active Listening / Asking Essential Questions

#3 - Reinforcing Effort

29% Gain

#4 - Homework & Practice

28% Gain

#5 - Non-Linguistic Representations

Vocabulary in CLCT - Watch for key elements of 'Formative Assessment'

27% Gain

#6 - Cooperative Learning

23% Gain

#7 - Objectives & Feedback

23% Gain

#8 - Generating & Testing Questions

23% Gain

#9 - Questions & Advanced (graphic) Organizers

22% Gain

Marzano - What works in ESOL

Listening To Students & "What Makes Classroom Lessons Engaging?"

Robert Marzano - Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement....more.

Inviting High Levels of Student Engagement / Learning

Howard Gardner - Project Zero - Visible Thinking

Interactive, Hands-On Teaching & Feedback

Project-Based Learning & Social-Emotional Learning

Tiered Assignments - Including Gifted

What Makes Classroom Lessons Engaging For Students?

Myths about Project-Based Learning

'Resonate' as an instructor, and 'Slide-ology' Please scroll toward the detailed description and to the end of the reviews

Marzano Classroom Instructional Strategies

Robert Marzano - Research On Strategies

Mastery Learning

Cooperative Learning


Fun Links:

Ask Jeeves for help

Sports Fun

Sources of Proven General Strategies

Concept-Based Instruction

AAAS Science for All - Themes

Adaptive Schools / Cooperative Learning / Constructivist Strategies (click on 'Features'

Inquiry-Based Instruction

Thinking Strategies - Visible Thinking & Metaphors

Comprehension Strategies

Cooperative Learning

Project-Based Instruction

Challenge-Based Instruction

Challenge-Based Instruction - Good Overview

Differentiated Instruction

Brain-Based Strategies & Neuroscience

S.T.A.R. - Using visuals to increase engagement, understanding & retention

The Separate Arts


Visual Arts

Drama - The Power of Presentations and Stories

Dance & Movement

Accommodation Strategies & Universal Design

Common Resource - Accommodations For Students With Disabilities

Common Resource - Accommodations for Students With Disabilities

Differentiation and Common Core State Standards

ArtsNOW / Teacher Resource Project

Universal Design Overview

Universal Design - Five Easy Ways to Connect With Your Students by Richard Milner (On a Universal Design Website -

Universal Design....Font size on the website



Use of the Arts / Use of Visuals - Graphic Organizers as 'Universal Design' Strategy - See Chart Below .


1 - What is a graphic organizer?  (hint -

2 - What are 3 important things we learn about the use of Graphic Organizers from the Table below?

3 - What academic standard are you responsible to teach and which you think is especially important for students and somewhat difficult to learn, and how might a Graphic Organizer help?

Control Group (no Graphic Organizer) – 8250 9th Graders

10 % LD

Experimental Group (with Graphic Organizer) – 8275 9th Graders

10 % LD

Pre-test 49 %

LD 3 %

Pre-test      48 %

LD 5 %

Post Test       65 %

LD 8 %

Post Test 88 %

LD 70 %



10 days later = 56 %

10 days later =        82 %

20 days later = 19 %

20 days later =        65 %

We hope you enjoy the site. If you have any questions, or suggestions, related to the content of the website, please contact Dr. Richard Benjamin at